Foods to eat and foods to avoid

Certain diets may be necessary after treatment for colon cancer. You may need to avoid foods that irritate your colon and eat foods that are soft, easily digestible, and low in fiber.

According to Cancer Research UK, it may take time for your digestive system to stabilize and your bowel to function properly after treatment for colon cancer. Some people may need to avoid certain foods.

This article discusses dietary considerations, nutritional guidelines, foods to avoid, and more after colorectal cancer treatment.

According to recent reviewpeople treated for colon cancer should follow a special diet.

Health professionals will be able to provide more detailed information about foods people should eat or avoid. They consider a person’s medical condition and individual needs.

Dietary Considerations After Colorectal Surgery

Surgery is first line treatment For colorectal cancer, part or all of the colon may need to be removed.

In some cases, postoperative damage to the organs of the gastrointestinal tract may occur. In such cases, certain foods a person eats can irritate the intestines or make the side effects of surgery worse.

Cancer Research UK recommends eating small meals often, eating in small portions and chewing slowly, in addition to the following dietary choices:

  • Eat high-protein, high-calorie foods such as meat, fish, and eggs
  • Eat low-fiber foods such as white bread, white pasta, and peeled and cooked vegetables
  • drinking lots of water
  • Reduce caffeine intake, as caffeine can irritate the intestines

Dietary considerations after chemotherapy and radiation therapy

Colon cancer may require chemotherapy or radiation therapy.

These treatments can cause diarrhea. However, this should subside within a few weeks after treatment ends. In the meantime, you can take medication to control diarrhea. You should also avoid foods that can make diarrhea worse.

of National Cancer Institute (NCI) Suggest:

  • Drink plenty of fluids, such as water, flat ginger ale, and sports drinks
  • Eat 5-6 small meals a day
  • Consume foods high in potassium and sodium, such as mashed potatoes and bananas
  • Eat low-fiber foods such as plain yogurt and white toast

Chemotherapy may also cause mouth sores and nausea. These side effects should resolve when treatment ends. However, to reduce mouth ulcers, you can:

  • Eating or cooking chewable foods
  • Use sauces such as gravy to soften food
  • drink with a straw
  • eat little by little using a small spoon
  • Avoid tomatoes, spicy foods, and citrus fruits

People who are feeling nauseous should choose foods that they like and are easy on the stomach, such as bananas, toast, and applesauce.

A soft food diet consists of foods that are easy to chew and swallow, and avoids foods with a hard texture.

of NCIMore Here are some examples of foods that are easy to chew and swallow:

Learn more about the soft food diet.

A diet centered on low-fiber foods (also known as a low-residue diet) includes foods that are easily digested and absorbed. like that:

It is important to drink plenty of water with a low-fiber diet. This helps prevent constipation.

Learn more about foods low in fiber.

The following foods can cause an upset stomach after colon cancer treatment.

  • Fruits and vegetables rich in fiber
  • cabbage
  • onion
  • Brussels sprouts
  • Legumes such as baked beans and lentils
  • carbonated drinks and beer
  • very rich or fatty foods

You may also want to avoid:

  • citrus fruits and juices
  • Spicy food
  • raw vegetables
  • sharp or crunchy foods

Some cancer treatments allow people to more prone to food poisoning.

To avoid this, individuals can take extra care by doing the following: these customs When handling or preparing food:

  • Wash hands regularly before and after preparing food and before eating
  • Always refrigerate food below 40°F
  • Keeps hot foods warmer than 140°F and cold foods cooler than 40°F.
  • Thaw meat, fish and poultry in the microwave instead of leaving them at room temperature
  • Wash fruits and vegetables before peeling them
  • Rinse packaged salads and other processed foods under running water
  • Avoid buying pre-cut fruits and vegetables at the grocery store

People should also:

  • Prevent cross-contamination from raw food
  • Cook food to safe temperatures
  • Refrigerate food quickly and properly
  • Avoid foods that increase the risk of food poisoning, such as:
    • raw or partially cooked seafood
    • unpasteurized milk
    • raw or undercooked eggs

After treatment for colon cancer, the diet should continue to emphasize good nutrition. People may find it beneficial to eat foods that are soft, low in fiber, and easy to digest.

Once your bowel settles after treatment, you should be able to return to your normal diet. Depending on the type of treatment, it may take several months.

Once you have recovered or the side effects of treatment have lessened, you can eat a normal diet while maintaining a nutritious diet.

The American Cancer Society website has a lot of information. recipe For nutritious meals and snacks.

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