Fighting in Sudan: What you need to know about the crisis


Saturday, April 15th Fighting breaks out in Khartoum, Sudan Between the Sudan Army (SAF) and the Rapid Support Force (RSF). The clashes left 400 dead and more than 4,000 injured.


Elsewhere in the country, five humanitarian workers were killed and two seriously injured in attacks in Darfur. The bullet penetrated the International Rescue Commission (IRC) office in Khartoum.


As a result, the IRC has suspended much of our activity in the country. We continue to serve vulnerable communities in Blue Nile and Gederahu states and provide life-saving services to refugees in Tunaiba He camp.


estimated 20,000 cross-border arrivals In Chad, relief organizations, including the IRC, are supporting health, nutrition, hygiene and protection needs.


Kurt Tjossem, IRC’s vice president for East Africa, said: “The conflict has left an estimated 15 million people, including more than a third of the population, in Sudan severely food insecure, including refugees. The IRC is calling on all sides to address the outstanding issues and put an end to the ongoing fighting.


Sudan is already facing a humanitarian crisis, with extreme weather shocks, social and political instability and high food prices causing poverty, hunger and displacement.




A Beja woman from Port Sudan, the capital of the Red Sea state in eastern Sudan.

A Beja woman from Port Sudan, the capital of the Red Sea state in eastern Sudan.

Photo: Eric Lafforgue/Art in All of Us/Corbis via Getty Images

What are the people of Sudan facing today?


political tension and instability


Since the October 2021 military coup, Sudan has been run by a General Assembly. Sudan’s de facto head of state in July 2022 due to growing public distrust of the military announced He would withdraw from political negotiations and support the formation of a technocratic cabinet. .


“The killing of humanitarian workers and so many Sudanese is unacceptable,” Chossem said. “The IRC calls on all sides to work without delay to address outstanding issues in order to achieve a lasting and inclusive political peace.”


ongoing intercommunal violence


The ongoing conflict, often along communal lines, has been influenced by the agendas of influential local politicians, causing further displacement and unrest in Sudan’s border areas. Fighting escalated throughout 2022 due to limited state powers and unresolved local disputes over land and natural resources in Darfur, Kordofan and Kassala.


Increased violence in Blue Nile state 97,000 people evacuated After July 2022, under similar circumstances, 21,000 displaced people In West Kordofan in October.


People in the Tuneiba camp in Sudan sit on benches and a man kneels in front of them.

Political instability is forcing people to leave their homes and into places like Tunaiba camp in Sudan.

Photo: Khalid Alarabi/IRC

Climate change with increasing frequency of extreme weather


Sudan continues to experience significantly warmer and drier weather, with a shorter rainy season resulting in reduced crop yields, erratic rainfall and increased flooding potential. Most Sudanese live in rural areas and rely on rain to grow their crops and livestock.


At least 111,000 homes were destroyed or severely damaged by floods in the second half of 2020, and the number of people severely affected exceeded 770,000. Nearly 16,000 toilets were destroyed and the collapse of the Bout Dam left more than 100,000 of her people in Blue Nile without access to water. All 18 of her states in the country were affected.


The unusually heavy rains have also triggered the worst desert locust infestation in decades in the Horn of Africa. Crop losses and rising food prices are making it increasingly difficult for families to have food on their daily plates.


A woman walks through flood waters in Managir City.

A woman walks through floodwaters in the city of Managir in Al Gezirah state, east-central Sudan. In July 2022, the country declared a state of emergency as six of her states, including the Nile, were flooded.

Photo: Ebrahim Hamid/AFP via Getty Images

deepening economic crisis


Sudan faces a number of economic pressures, including high inflation, extremely low foreign exchange reserves and the suspension of international debt relief programs. Inflation is projected to drop from 236.4% in 2022 to 115.7% in 2023, but this still reflects very rapid price increases.


Sudan imports 80% of its wheat from Russia, Ripple effects of the civil war in UkraineFunders suspended Sudan’s debt forgiveness program when the military came to power. So the deal to cancel $14 billion of debt and cancel another $9 billion in the future is no longer in progress.


In addition to this, cooperation between the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank and the current authorities remains suspended. The United Nations Sudan Humanitarian Response Plan, which aims to ensure that Sudan’s humanitarian needs are met, is only 14% funded. Against this backdrop, the economic crisis is likely to widen throughout 2023, with food and transportation costs likely to rise further, and shortages of medicines, energy and imports likely to occur. .


Increase in refugee population from Ethiopia


After the ongoing conflict in the Tigray region, over 70,000 refugees He fled across the border from Ethiopia to eastern Sudan. His 31% of refugees are children, and there are many unaccompanied minors who have often experienced trauma and abuse on their journey to Sudan. People need critical support such as food, protection and medical care.


Children play together at the Tunaiba camp in Sudan.

Mirkha, 10, plays soccer with his best friend Hafton and other children at the Tunaydba camp in Sudan. Hufton and Mirka are refugees from Tigre who fled to Sudan in search of safety. The boys became friends by joining his EU-funded safe space in his IRC inside the camp and playing football together.

Photo: Khalid Alarabi

How is IRC helping in Sudan?


Note: Attacks on humanitarian workers have forced the IRC to suspend its operations across the country, with the exception of Tunaiba in Gedareff province, where it continues to serve refugee populations.


“As intense conflict continues inside Khartoum, Sudan, the International Rescue Commission is concerned about the welfare of some 3,000 people who have arrived in the Tunaiba refugee camp in Gedarew province, East Sudan,” said Sudan Deputy Program Director of the IRC. explains Mohammed Mahdi, “IRC will include displaced persons in ongoing health, nutrition and women’s empowerment activities. We will also provide basic items to help meet immediate needs. We expect more people to arrive at


IRC works in four states of Sudan to assist people affected by conflict and crisis, including women, children, the elderly, people with disabilities, refugees and host communities. Also this:


  • Supporting Tiglayan refugees in eastern Sudan.
  • It operates health, water and sanitation services, protective assistance and psychosocial services for women and children in Tunaydba refugee camp.
  • Construction and rehabilitation of health facilities, provision of reproductive health care, and treatment and prevention of communicable diseases.
  • Raise community awareness of health services and water and sanitation facilities.
  • We support the Ministry of Health’s polio campaign.

You can read more about IRC’s response in Sudan here.


Would you like help?


Donate now to support IRC’s life-changing work in Sudan and around the world. We are on the front lines, providing critical assistance to those affected by the crisis in more than 40 countries. 2023 emergency watchlist.





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