Claire M. Fraser, Genomic Scientist at the University of Maryland School of Medicine Elected to the National Academy of Sciences

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Newswise — The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) announced: Dr. Claire M. Fraser, Dean E. Albert Reese Endowed Professor of Medicine at the University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM) and Founding Director of the Institute for Genomic Sciences (IGS), the School of Honor. Dr. Fraser said on May 2, 2023 he was elected to the NAS he was one of 120 US and he was one of 23 international new members, making the total number of US members It will be 2,565 people.

Dr. Fraser adds this prestigious appointment to a long list of scientific achievements during her career in genomics and microbiology.

“We are honored to be recognized in this way by NAS.” Dr. Fraser said. “Throughout my scientific career, I have worked with great scientists who are also members of the NAS. I have worked hard for my success, and it is these kinds of collaborations that are the backbone of science, and I am thrilled to be included in this respected group.”

In 1995, when Dr. Fraser was at the Genome Research Institute (TIGR) in Rockville, Maryland, she and her team mapped the complete genetic code of a free-living organism for the first time.Haemophilus influenzae— A bacterium that causes lower respiratory tract infections and meningitis in infants.

Her discovery changed microbiology forever and launched a new research field: microbial genomics. During that time, she and her team also sequenced the bacteria behind syphilis and Lyme disease, and eventually the first plant genome and the first human pathogenic parasite. She also helped determine the cause of the deadly anthrax attack in 2001 in one of the largest investigations ever conducted by US law enforcement. In 2007, Dr. Fraser launched her IGS at the University of Maryland. The university holds more than 25% of the funding awarded by the Human Microbiome Project.

Dr. Fraser comes to UMSOM as one of the most cited researchers in microbiology. throughout her careerHe has authored over 320 scientific publications, has received numerous awards, and was elected to the National Academy of Medicine in 2011. He will serve one year as president-elect, one year as president, and one year as chairman of the AAAS Board.

“Dr. Fraser’s pioneering work in high-throughput DNA sequencing launched a new research area, microbial genomics. She has overseen the genome sequencing of important human pathogens. Haemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Helicobacter pylori, Vibrio cholerae, Bacillus anthracis, Borrelia burgdorferi, treponema pallidum, and Plasmodium falciparumThey are responsible for the bacterial infections that cause pneumonia, duodenal ulcers, cholera, anthrax, Lyme disease, syphilis, and the parasitic infections responsible for malaria and other devastating diseases, leading to new diagnostics, treatments, and vaccines. provides a strong foundation for the development of ” Said Mark Gladwin, M.D.Vice President for Medical Affairs, University of Maryland Baltimore, John Z. and Akiko K. Bowers Distinguished Professor, Dean of the University of Maryland School of Medicine.

“Her recent research has led to the startling discovery of how the structure and function of the microbial community within the human gastrointestinal tract changes in relation to diseases such as obesity and inflammatory bowel disease. Starting with the first report of her genome sequence, Haemophilus influenzae In 1995, there were over 500,000 prokaryotic genome sequences available in public databases. She fundamentally changed our understanding of microbial diversity and evolution on Earth and has been an outstanding mentor, innovator and leader in the scientific community throughout her career. She is proud to be counted as one of UMSOM’s most distinguished faculty members. ”

Dr. Fraser is the first UMSOM permanent faculty member elected to NAS. Robert Gallo, as the only one of her UMSOM faculty elected to both the NAS and the National Academy of Medicine (NAM) under the charter of the NAS, in recognition of her outstanding contributions to medicine and health. Joined MD. Elected to the National Academy of Medicine, her UMSOM faculty includes William Carpenter, Howard Goldman, Myron Levine, Kathleen Neusil, E. Albert Reese, Paul Story, Donald Wilson, and Theodore Wood. Ward, and Ph.D. Fraser and Gallo.

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