Alternative and natural treatments for osteoporosis


conventional treatment options osteoporosis This includes fall prevention, exercise, proper nutrition, and medication. In addition to traditional options, natural remedies may also be beneficial. The goal of osteoporosis treatment is to prevent further bone damage.

Although some bone loss is a natural part of aging, certain lifestyle factors such as hormonal changes, family history, poor diet and smoking can contribute to osteoporosis.

This article explores the natural treatment options available for the treatment and management of osteoporosis.


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osteoporosis diet

Bone formation takes place in childhood. People experience peak bone mass at some point in their 20s. Achieving peak bone mass is important to prevent osteoporosis, which requires eating a nutritious diet containing foods rich in calcium, magnesium, selenium, vitamin K, vitamin D, and protein. there is. Adequate intake of these nutrients is required to treat osteoporosis.

what to eat

Some experts recommend considering overall dietary patterns rather than addressing specific nutrients in isolation. A variety of nutrients is important for bone health.

abundant food calcium and Vitamin D Key to building bones and maintaining bone strength. Foods rich in calcium include dairy products (cheese, yogurt, milk, fermented dairy products). Dairy products also contain other nutrients important for bone health, including protein, magnesium, phosphorus and vitamin B12.

If you don’t eat dairy, you can choose calcium-fortified foods such as yogurt substitutes, nut-based milks, orange juice, cereals, and tofu. Bone-in fish such as salmon and sardines contain calcium. Plant-based sources of calcium include kale, cabbage, and other green leafy vegetables.

Vitamin D is involved in calcium absorption. It is found naturally in only a few foods, but it is also produced by the body through exposure to sunlight. People who are deficient in vitamin D may need to take supplements.

Food sources of vitamin D include fatty fish (trout, salmon, tuna, mackerel, etc.) and fish liver oils, beef liver, egg yolks, fortified milk, other fortified foods (milk substitutes, breakfast cereals, juices), and processed mushrooms. Uses ultraviolet (UV) light.

certain minerals, such as magnesium and seleniumcan also affect bone health. Natural sources include pumpkin seeds, sweet potatoes, cashews, beans, spinach, peanuts, Brazil nuts, chicken, fish, and shrimp.

These foods are rich in proteina macronutrient that plays a role in bone volume, mass, mineralization and formation. Other protein sources include whole grains, soy, eggs, dairy, and animal products such as beef.

soy food source of soybeans Isoflavone, which have estrogen-like activity and are called phytoestrogens. Some studies have shown that this may be beneficial for bone health. Soy foods rich in isoflavones include soybeans, green soybeans, miso, natto, tempeh, and tofu.

Finally, foods that contain a lot of Vitamin C and Vitamin K Contributes to healthy bones. Foods rich in vitamin C include citrus fruits, berries, peppers, tomatoes, fortified juices, and cruciferous vegetables (which also contain vitamin K).

vitamin D deficiency

Vitamin D deficiency can exacerbate osteoporosis, especially in older people and postmenopausal women. If you’re concerned about your vitamin D status, ask your healthcare provider to check your levels. Next, meet with them or your registered dietitian to discuss whether supplements are needed and how much to take.

Eating a variety of foods is important for bone health and helps meet the nutrient requirements for each vitamin and mineral. If you’re worried about not eating enough, talk to your healthcare provider so they can discuss supplements (if needed).

Things to avoid

Too much alcohol and sodium can interfere with the metabolism and absorption of calcium and vitamin D, which are important for bone health.

The effect of certain amounts of alcohol on bone is unknown. However, experts do know that alcohol can affect calcium and vitamin D function. Therefore, the National Institute on Aging recommends drinking in moderation, if at all.

The ruling on sodium intake and bone health is controversial. Some studies suggest that too much sodium may increase calcium excretion, while others suggest that consuming more than 2,300 milligrams (mg) of sodium daily does not increase the risk of osteoporosis. has been shown not to increase. Consumption below that level is recommended for people with high blood pressure.

Nonetheless, the Bone Health and Osteoporosis Foundation recommends limiting processed foods high in sodium, such as snack foods.

Several studies have found an association between high intake of soft drinks, especially cola, and an increased risk of fractures. Cola contains phosphoric acid, which can reduce calcium in the body. However, research in this area is still inconclusive.

exercise

Weight-bearing exercise helps improve bone strength in youth and adolescence. Weight-bearing exercise in adulthood is aimed at increasing strength and muscle mass, improving coordination and balance, improving daily functioning, and delaying the loss of independence associated with osteoporosis.

Specific weight-bearing exercises and activities include squats, step-ups, lunges, jump rope, jogging, hiking, and stair climbing. To avoid injury and pain, we recommend starting under the guidance of a healthcare provider (if you are not already comfortable with the exercise).

lifestyle change

Smoking, inactivity, and excessive alcohol consumption can increase the risk of bone loss. If you smoke, consider asking for help to quit. If you drink more than a moderate amount, reduce your alcohol intake.

Make it a goal to move every day. Walking is a great exercise to start with. Regular examinations by a health care provider are also important for evaluation and treatment.

acupuncture

Acupuncture is considered a complementary and alternative therapy in the treatment of osteoporosis. This means that some people use it in conjunction with mainstream treatment options, while others use it as an alternative. Acupuncture may help treat osteoporosis by improving bone density.

In a meta-analysis published in American Journal of Chinese Medicine, The researchers found that warm needle acupuncture (in which a cone of burning moxa, a compressed form of wormwood herb, is placed on the handle of a needle after insertion) can increase bone density in certain bones, such as the femur. I discovered something.

The type of acupuncture given may be important, and longer-term studies are needed to determine the exact effects. But if you’re interested, it might be a treatment worth exploring with your medical team.

medicinal herbs

Some studies show that certain herbs, such as red clover, horsetail, turmeric, and red sage It may have beneficial effects in the treatment of osteoporosis. Of note, most studies investigating benefits were small and short-lived. Some studies are animal or test-tube studies rather than human studies involving osteoporotic patients. Therefore, further research is needed.

Additionally, the herb is not regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Some of these herbs are not recommended for long-term use. Before starting any new treatment, you should discuss it with your health care team.

melatonin

Melatonin is a hormone that helps regulate circadian rhythms and is known for its role in sleep. However, melatonin may also play a role in bone health.

There is an association between age-related melatonin loss and bone loss and osteoporosis. Melatonin may prevent bone breakdown, reduce oxidative stress associated with bone loss, and promote bone formation.

However, most of the research done so far has been done in animals or in vitro. Further studies in humans are needed to better understand the role of melatonin in treating osteoporosis. Dosage and timing of supplements should also be investigated.

Tai Chi

Tai Chi is a type of exercise that involves slow, rhythmic movements. In a 2017 meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials, researchers found that various forms of long-term tai chi (at least 24 weeks) were effective in reducing loss of bone density in specific areas of the body. discovered.

Their data included older adults, perimenopausal and postmenopausal individuals, individuals with osteoarthritis, and cancer survivors.

The authors point out that different types of tai chi can differ in the effectiveness and use of weight-bearing exercise, session duration and program length, which are important factors to consider when examining data. there is Additionally, instructor qualifications can affect results.

Although these results are encouraging and encouraging, further studies investigating these parameters are needed.

summary

There are a number of natural remedies for osteoporosis that may be a starting point or addition to traditional treatment options for osteoporosis. The same concepts used to prevent osteoporosis may help treat it.

Eating a variety of nutritious foods that are rich in calcium, vitamin D, and other vitamins and minerals is an important first step. In addition, lifestyle changes such as exercising, quitting if you smoke, adding different herbs to your diet, and practicing tai chi may help. Before starting anything new, discuss it with your health care team.

FAQ


  • What conventional treatments are available for people with osteoporosis?

    Conventional treatment includes fall prevention, pain management, diet, exercise, vitamin and mineral supplementation, and drug therapy. Treatment options must consider all factors of the disease, such as age, amount of bone lost, side effects of medications, and other health conditions.


  • Can osteoporosis be cured naturally?

    Natural interventions and certain medications can prevent further damage and allow the bone to rebuild. Individual results will vary depending on the severity of the disease.


  • Which vitamins and supplements promote bone growth?

    Most of the nutrients needed for bone health, including bone growth, can be obtained through a varied diet. Although individual needs vary, some experts recommend supplementation with vitamin D, calcium, magnesium, and vitamin K. Manganese, boron, and zinc also play a role in bone health. Discuss your specific needs with your medical team.



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