Algorithms Meet You Now: Israeli AI in Healthcare

Since time immemorial, humans have sought to create thinking machines that give them superhuman abilities.

In Jonathan Swift’s book Gulliver’s Travels, he writes about “engines”. This machine “might enable the most ignorant person, at reasonable cost and minimal effort, to write books of philosophy, poetry, politics, law, mathematics, etc.” You can do it without any help. “

So what is artificial intelligence? It’s a term that refers to technological tools that allow us to input, process, and draw conclusions in a way that resembles human thinking. This group includes both well-tested and newer tools such as machine learning.

The latest generation of generative language models: Chat GPTdemonstrating an astonishing ability to understand human language, to exercise creativity, and to exhibit perceived empathy, beyond the reach of machines these days.

In fact, a recently published article found that ChatGPT-generated answers to medical questions from patients in online forums were not only more accurate and of better quality than the answers given by doctors, but surprisingly, more Demonstrated to be perceived as empathetic.

Artificial intelligence tools can and should be part of the solution to the challenges of healthcare systems around the world. They enable automated execution of administrative tasks, expedited testing and data analysis, and risk prediction.

All of these are designed to give physicians powerful diagnostic and therapeutic tools, spend time conversing with patients, and empower patients themselves.

An artificial intelligence system in medicine that could be developed in Israel gives doctors two “superpowers”.

The first is predictive medicine. Machine learning predictive models identify individuals at highest risk of illness or future medical deterioration, enabling physicians to take preemptive action against illness.

For example, a patient may find that routine test results indicate that hepatitis C virus infection is particularly likely, prompting the doctor to perform specific tests for the virus.

Early diagnosis of the virus allows for rapid treatment and prevents complications such as cancer and liver failure.

The second “superpower” is personalized medicine. An AI system scans all medical records every night to identify, for example, if a diabetic who recently developed kidney failure is not getting the right specific medication, or if the patient is not getting the right treatment. Warn your doctor. Further testing is required.

Similarly, millions of nuanced recommendations are updated daily and transferred to medical records for review by treating physicians, based on AI predictive models, medical expert opinion, and the latest literature.

The system is a world first in terms of its depth and scope and has been implemented over the past year by over 1,000 general practitioners affiliated with Clalit Health Services.

Such an advanced system cannot be completed overnight. They rely on years of developing predictive AI models, as we did at the Calalit Institute, where he has been using a variety of diseases for over a decade.

Our new system is the result of three years of in-house development by three different departments. So what about ChatGPT’s processing power? We recommend waiting a few years before trying, as the model tends to make “guess” that is not suitable for clinical trials.

Israel is a bright pioneer of innovation in healthcare and can continue to pave the way in harnessing artificial intelligence to make healthcare more quality, accessible and equitable for all patients.

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